Identification of selected monogeneans using image processing, artificial neural network and K-nearest neighbor

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science,

2 Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FD, UK



Over the last two decades, improvements in developing computational tools made significant contributions to the classification of biological specimens` images to their correspondence species. These days, identification of biological species is much easier for taxonomist and even non-taxonomists due to the development of automated computer techniques and systems. 

In this study, we developed a fully automated identification model for monogenean images based on the shape characters of the haptoral organs of eight species: Sinodiplectanotrema malayanum, Diplectanum jaculator,Trianchoratus pahangensis, Trianchoratus lonianchoratus, Trianchoratus malayensis, Metahaliotrema ypsilocleithru, Metahaliotrema mizellei and Metahaliotrema similis. Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) method was used to reduce the dimension of extracted feature vectors which were then used in classification with the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifiers for identification of monogenean specimens of eight species.

The need for the discovery of new characters for identification of species has been acknowledged for log by systematic parasitology. Using overall form of anchors and bars for extraction of features were lead to achieve acceptable results in automated classification of monogenean. To date, this is the first fully automated identification model for monogeneans with an accuracy of 86.25% using KNN and 93.1% using ANN.