Effects of sumithion on growth and production of phytoplankton and zooplankton in aquaculture ponds

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Bangladesh Agricultural University

Abstract

Sumithion is an organophosphorous pesticide widely used to control tiger bug in the fish larval rearing pond. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of sumithion on plankton population abundance in aquaculture pond. The experiment was carried out with three treatments, i.e., ponds with no sumithion (T1), with 1.0 ppm sumithion (T2) and 2.0 ppm sumithion (T3). The water quality parameters, such as temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and total alkalinity were almost unchanged throughout the study period whereas transparency, NO3-N and PO4-P values were declined with increasing sumithion concentrations but differences were not significant (P > 0.05). No distinct changes were observed in phytoplankton population densities (x cells/L). On the other hand, the zooplankton population densities (x Ind./L) were significantly (P > 0.05) decreased with toxicity of sumithion after 30 days to end of experimental period in both T2 and T3 compared to control group (T1). The ranges of pH, organic carbon (%), available phosphorus (ppm) and total nitrogen (%) of pond bottom-sediment did not differ irrespective of the treatments. This study demonstrated that sumithion has adverse effects on zooplankton which may influence the production in aquaculture pond.

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