Strategic planning for optimal development of aquaculture in coastal areas of Qeshm Island

Document Type: Research Paper


1 PhD student

2 Member of Research staff


The economic growing of aquaculture and dependence of a large amount of growing population to coastal resource has led to coastal degradation and reduced resources. In this paper while realizing the potential capacities of the islands systems, it's specially discusses the activities of aquaculture in the framework of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). Therefore, in this study, firstly, the environment's internal strategic factors (strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (opportunities and threats) were identified. Thereafter, Analytic Network Process (ANP) and Super Decision Software in SWOT matrix were used to evaluate and prioritize these factors, as well as to develop several proposed strategies. Using a designed network model, the proposed strategies were weighted and the main strategies of the evaluation matrix were ranked. In this study, the Qeshm Island as the largest island in the Persian Gulf was identified as the study area. The results showed that the most efficient strategies to optimal development of aquaculture use of coastal areas of Qeshm Island are: strategies of Using objectives, policies, plans of aquaculture and hunting Aquatic to build and strengthen of sustainable aquaculture these users in the region, Building and strengthening comprehensive aquaculture plan for conservation of natural marine resources in the framework of ICZM, Creating and development of infrastructure facilities and infrastructure aquaculture in order to create optimum user of the lands, Allocate adequate funding to achieve conservation programs and user development of aquaculture and environmental protection involved in (ST) strategies.