Otolith shape utilization for the stock identification of Caroun croaker, Johnius carouna (Cuvier, 1830) (Acanthuriformes: Sciaenidae), from the east Vietnam sea


1 Vietnam-Russia Tropical Center; Nguyen Van Huyen, Hanoi, Vietnam

2 Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam



Based on the climate hydrology, ecological biogeography, and land–sea interaction relationships, Vietnamese coastal waters can be separated into three coastal zones. In this study, we analyzed the Johnius carouna (Cuvier, 1830) shape of sagittae from several areas along the Vietnamese coast. The morphometric characters of the otoliths were used to identify stock among the fish of different geographic areas. A multistatistics analysis of otolith shapes was applied to estimate the differences between the three regions. Based on the shape indices, wavelet transform and Elliptic Fourier Descriptors (EFD) have signals for division into three groups of otolith shapes (discriminant analysis for wavelet transform: Wilks=0.065, p<0.001 training misclassification error 9.8%; discriminant analysis EFD:  Wilks=0.059, p<0.001 accuracies of the classification equal 93.75%; analysis of variance on shape indices: p<0.05) of the otoliths for the three locations. This study inferred that two distinct stocks were identified, namely Cat Ba and Tho Chu. The individuals from the central zone (Phu Yen) may be a mixing zone between the north and the south, with two possible populations of Cat Ba and Tho Chu.